Welcome to Burgas!
Burgas is the biggest city in South-East Bulgaria, located on the Black Sea Coast. The city is regional and administrative centre of Burgas Region that includes 13 municipalities. There are good connections by road between Burgas and all other Bulgarian Black Sea Coast cities and towns. The European Transport Corridor No. 8 passes through Burgas, which is the shortest terrestrial connection between the Adriatic and the Black Sea Coasts.
Nature and climate
The natural resources of Burgas are undoubtedly one of the reasons for the city to be a preferred place for tourism and recreation. Wherever you look at it from, Burgas is surrounded by water – both sea and fresh water. To the east is the Black Sea, to the west of the coast there are three lakes – Burgas, Atanasovsko and Mandra Lakes – they form the larges complex of seaside lakes in Bulgaria and are declared protected natural territories.
One of the most valuable treasures on the territory of Burgas is the coastline and the sandy beaches with fine golden sand, gradually deepening sea level, calm and clean water, light and pleasant breezes. The Bay is homeland of around 140 different fish species. One of the largest air "highways" for seasonal migration of birds in the entire European continent – Via Pontica – passes over the Burgas lakes.
15 km away from the city centre is another treasure of nature – Burgas Mineral Springs – one of the oldest mineral springs with water temperature of 41.5oC. To the south of Burgas is the largest Bulgarian nature park – Strandzha Mountain.
The climate in Burgas is classified as humid subtropical climate with both sea and continental influence. The average temperature in the summer reaches 22.7oC with occasional maximum day temperatures of over 20oC to be noticed as late as November. The average monthly number of sunny hours is 328.6 in July. During the winter, the weather is still milder in comparison to the inland areas and snowfalls are rare.
A number of unique archaeological findings are proof of the millennia of history in the area – ancient village mounds from the Neolith, Thracian sanctuaries and tombs, ruins of Roman cities, Byzantine and Medieval castles, architectural protected zones and ethnographic complexes, churches and monasteries.
Some of the biggest battles of the Bulgarian State against the Byzantine Empire took place in the area of Burgas. The victories of Khan Tervel at the Anhialo field in 708 and Khan Kardam at the Markeli fortress in 792 approved the Bulgarian state. During the rule of the Ottoman Empire, the city evolved as an educational and cultural centre. In the 18th century, the Port of Burgas is the largest port to the south of the Balkan Mountain. Burgas won its liberation from the Ottoman ruling on 6 February 1878. In the beginning of the 20th century, the city is developing, modernizing and very quickly becomes a commercial, industrial and a cosmopolitan centre that has connections by land, air and sea.
The rich cultural-historical and natural heritage of Burgas is presented in four museum expositions - historical, archaeological, ethnographic and natural science, located in four separate buildings, which are themselves sights.
In the last few years, Burgas has established itself as one of the most dynamically developing cities in Bulgaria and has acquired the looks of a modern European city.
Once you arrive in Burgas, you will surely want to see as many of the city as possible - its sights, attractions, places of relaxation, shops, restaurants, events. This will not make it hard for you, because in Burgas you can move from point to point not only very easy but it can be pleasant too. From your preferences depends on how you will do it - public transport is one of the most modern in Bulgaria, taxis are affordable, and if you like to ride a bicycle - the city has a municipal rent-a-bike system and a developed network of bicycle lanes across the city.
In the central part of Burgas there are two large, entirely pedestrian streets. For fans of walks, we strongly recommend to visit one of the symbols of the city - the Sea Park.
The Sea Park was built back in 1910 by the landscape architect Georgi Duhtev who turned the bare windy space between the city and the sea into one of the most beautiful parks in Bulgaria. His passion for exotic plants brought hundreds of plant species to the park from all continents; they bring an exotic atmosphere to the park still today. The old part of the Sea Park has been established as a monument of park art. Beside a nice walk outdoors, numerous little relaxation areas, an outdoors gym and many restaurants, the Sea Park can also offer you various cultural and sports events, which attract world-wide audience every year.
Traditions and cuisine
You should not miss the opportunity to eat in one of the Burgas restaurants, which offer delicious local cuisine and a variety of Black Sea fish and seafood prepared according to old fishery recipes. Since Burgas has emerged as a fishing village, the local traditions are closely related to the sea. For years, fishing has been a major livelihood and traditional local recipes have been passed on for generations.
Entertainment and shopping
Various opportunities for leisure time are available in Burgas. If you have already visited the sights, you can just go out and visit the local restaurants, most of which are located right next to the seashore. Alternatively, you can go shopping – in small local shops or in major shopping malls.
DO NOT MISS IN BURGAS!
Saint Anastasia Island
Saint Anastasia Island is the only inhabited island in Bulgaria. After its complete restoration, in 2014 it was turned into an emblematic tourist attraction. A piece of land, 6 km away from the city, it is attractive not only for tourists but for locals alike.
Today on the island, we can find restored church dated back to 14th century, an operative lighthouse, a restaurant with authentic seafood cuisine, a guesthouse (hotel), a contemporary multimedia museum, an open stage for various cultural events.
Saint Anastasia Island has and extremely interesting history and is deservedly called the "Bulgarian Alcatraz" – it used to be a monastery, then turned into a jailhouse and in the last few years of past century it was one of the most bohemian places in the area favoured by people of all arts. The Island attracts people with its unique nature either – bizarre rock formations, abundance of herbs, fig trees and one of the most beautiful views toward the Burgas Bay. During the summer season, there are daily passenger vessels to the Island from Burgas and nearby resorts.
Tel.: +359 882 004 124
Magazia 1 is a part of the Public access zone in the Port of Burgas. It was built in 1906 and it is one of the first buildings in the Port of Burgas and was used for storing bulk cargoes.
Magazia 1 was renovated in 2016, with a fully preserved roof structure of “Eiffel” type. There are restaurants and Tourist information centre. On the second floor is placed a branch of the National Academy of Arts.
Burgas Passenger Terminal is placed also in the Public access zone and it is intended for servicing cruise ships. Another landmark is the Lighthouse – the first Bulgarian port lighthouse.
Aquae Calidae is an ancient city on the territory of Burgas, known with its mineral springs. The first Roman bath in Aquae Calidae was built in the 2nd century, during the rule of Emperor Trajan. The mineral baths were visited by many mighty rulers, among which the Byzantine emperors Justinian I and Constantine IV Pogonatos, the Bulgarian Khan Tervel and Sultan Suleiman II, the Magnificent. In 16th century the Sultan built a hamam (Turkish bath) which was extremely modern for its time. In the last few years, the excavations at Aquae Calidae discovered the city fortress wall and the north gate to the ancient city. The rich collection of artefacts from ancient and medieval times includes seals from 10-12th century, golden decorations, thousands of golden, silver and bronze coins. A unique for its time heating system was also found with special clay pipes.
Today, the place that has witnessed many centuries of history is a tourist complex. Part of it is the restored bath of Suleiman, the Magnificent, turned into a modern museum. 3D projection takes the visitors to a virtual tour from the Thracian times and the legend of the Three Healing Nymphs, through Roman times, through the ages of Suleiman, the Magnificent. Tourist complex “Aquae Calidae” has also a coffee shop, a souvenir shop, playground, a small park and outdoor stage.
Tel.: +359 882 004 126
Museum of Aviation
The museum of aviation is located at the entrance to Burgas Airport. The museum was opened in 2017 and it is a great place for spending leisure time.
The exposition includes civil and military aircrafts that were part of the Bulgarian Aviation in the period 1960 – 1996. In the Museum of Aviation in Burgas can be seen TU-154 and AN-12 that are the last of their kind in Bulgaria. The impressive interactive exposition Homo Volans (The Flying Man) is placed in AN-12. It includes many authentic objects, airplane models, costumes, interactive installations and archives from the aviation history.
Unique experience for the visitors is also the ability to "navigate" an airplane with VR glasses.
Tel.: +359 885 009 673
Protected nature area "Poda"
The protected nature area "Poda" is a favoured visiting place for many Bulgarian and foreign nature lovers and ornithologists. It is featured on the list of 100 national landmark tourist sites. The visitor's centre has a permanent exhibition, showcasing the unique biological diversity of the protected area. The variety of birds can be observed with specialised optical equipment; the two large terraces and the newly built 7-metre tower allow you to observe the birds.
Tel: +359 56 500 560
Check out the exhibition in the Sea Casino cultural centre
One of the most symbolic and memorable buildings in Burgas is the Sea Casino, located in the Sea Park. The modern halls and adjacent open spaces host concerts, theatre plays, movie nights, exhibitions, book presentations, creative workshops, training in various topics, festivals and many others.
Tel.: +359 56 911 868
"Saints Cyril and Methodius" Cathedral
The cathedral “Saints Cyril and Methodius” is one of the symbols of Burgas and is named after the saint brothers who created the Slavonic alphabet and spread the Christianity among Slavonic people. The cathedral was built in 1897-1907 based on the design of the Italian architect Ricardo Toscani. The church is a three-corps basilica type. The interior of the cathedral is divided in five couples of weight-bearing marble columns. The main dome stands over a high twelve-walled windowed drum. The unique murals have been painted by the famous Bulgarian artists prof. Gyudzhenov and Kozhuharov whose works also adorn "St. Alexander Nevski" cathedral in Sofia. The Cathedral is on the list of 100 national landmarks of Bulgaria.
Armenian Church "Surp Khach"
The Armenian Disciple and Orthodox Church "Surp Khach" (from Armenian – Holy Cross) was built in 1673. The building is of simple, one-corps, single-space construction and has the characteristic features of the Armenian church architecture. The church has been reconstructed numerous times; a bell tower was added at a later stage and the facades were tiled. The church is one of the oldest and most beautiful buildings in Burgas and is pronounced a monument of culture.
"Petko Zadgorski" Art Gallery
This is one of the oldest galleries in the country. It is hosted in the building of a specially repurposed synagogue. The building is an exceptional architectural landmark, built in the beginning of the previous century, by the design of the Italian architect Ricardo Toscani. The gallery is named after the great Burgas painter and sculptor Petko Zadgorski (1902-1974) who was the first chairman of the Burgas Artists Society, founded in the 60's of the past century. The gallery stock consists of about 2000 paintings, sculpture and graphic works of art.
"Georgi Baev" Gallery-Museum
The famous artist from Burgas – Georgi Baev, who was described as one of the "greatest humanists in Europe and the world", has given the name of the gallery-museum. It is located near the Sea Park and the city centre in fully renovated building, which hosts the paintings of Baev, also known by the moniker "Dzhurlata". Various cultural events are held in the gallery, which turns it into favourite place for art lovers.
Do not forget to seal your stay in Burgas!
Take a picture next to the city's symbols:
If you ask any citizen of Burgas, which is the most emblematic place in Burgas, the answer you will get is very likely to be the same: the Pier. As a natural finish to the oldest part of the beautiful Sea Park and going almost 300 meters into the magnificent Black Sea, this is one of the signature places of Burgas that attracts tourists from near and far every year.
The Lighthouse is on the territory of the largest Bulgarian port in the South Black Sea coast – the Port of Burgas. It is the first Bulgarian port lighthouse, lit in 1899. The tower’s height is 14 meters and the illuminating part is 24 meters from the sea level.
The zero kilometre in Burgas, or the place known also as the Compass, is located on the largest pedestrian street in Burgas – “Aleksandrovska”. The symbol represents both shield and compass. The brass centre of the shield has 4 emblematic symbols for the city: a trident, symbolizing the God of the seas; three fish as a symbol of Christ and sign of the livelihood of the locals in the past – fishery; “Argo” – the Argonauts ship that symbolize the port and the Black Sea shipping and laurel wreath symbolizing the fame and success of local artists. The arrows of the compass point to the four directions of the world.
The Gramophone is another one of the city signature places, designed by the talented artist Rusi Stoyanov; even today it draws curious looks and is one of the places to see in Burgas. Old Burgas citizens say that when you turn the gramophone handle and listen really carefully you can hear the name of the person who is in love with you.
One of the indisputable landmark places in Burgas is the Clock at the corner of Bogoridi Str. and Alexandrovska Str. built in the beginning of 20th Century. It has been the favoured place for meeting up with friends for generations of Burgas citizens. The Clock today continues to keep not only perfect time, but also the memory of many first dates, heartfelt hugs and enamoured looks.
The Arch of Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker
Another symbol of Burgas is the arch of Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker. On both sides is a bas-relief with the iconographic image of St. Nicholas, perceived as a protector of the city and its citizens. Since 1992 the day of the saint (6th of December) is celebrated as a holiday of Burgas.
The two-sided bas-relief of the saint is orientated to East – West direction in the spirit of Orthodox traditions.
BE A PART OF...
Exhibition of flowers “Flora – Burgas”
An emblem of Expo centre “Flora” is the national flower exhibitions. With its traditions since 1980, the exhibition gathers the best Bulgarian and foreign florists. The exhibition is held annually in the spring.
Festival of Sand Sculptures
The Festival of Sand Sculptures in Burgas is the first one of its kind on the Balkans. Every summer, on 5 decarеs of land in Lake Park, a sand figure town is erected with a different theme every year – Sea Inhabitants, Fairy Tale Heroes, Movies, etc. Sand sculptors from around the world participate in the festival - Indonesia, England, Belgium, the Netherlands, Ireland, Russia, Ukraine, Bulgaria, etc.
The guitar festival of Burgas is one unique music experiment held for the first time in 2017. The organizers will not miss the opportunity to reunite on one stage hundreds of guitar masters, who have dedicated years of their lives in mastering this influential music instrument. Electric and acoustic guitars, combined with favorite voices, will perform on the stage of Burgas Jam under open sky.
Jazz in Burgas
For several years, Burgas took its place among the cities with its own jazz festival. In a few consecutive days in July and August, jazz takes over the city with numerous outdoor concerts and the organisers strive to include all different styles and to pay attention to all music interests and age groups.
Burgas days of music “Emil Chakarov”
It is held annually at the Summer Theater, located in the Sea Park. The festival, dedicated to the famous musician and conductor from Burgas, is being organised by Municipality of Burgas and State Opera – Burgas. Traditionally, the event lasts for two months, during which classical music lovers have the opportunity to enjoy the most famous opera and ballet performances, presented by famous names from the Bulgarian and world stage.
In 2018 Emil Chakarov’s 70th birthday is celebrated.
International Folklore Festival
The International Folklore Festival is organised by Municipality of Burgas under the slogan: "Let's preserve our ancestors' legacy and pass it away to our children!". The tradition of the festival started in 1965 and quickly turned into a major event for the lovers of folklore art. IFF includes concerts on the Summer Theatre stage, on open stages in the area, festivity rallies, exhibition bazaar of traditional souvenirs and demonstration of folk crafts.
There are numerous opportunities for outdoor and indoor sports in the city - swimming pools, horse riding, skate park, sports halls, fishing. Sea sports are also a good opportunity to fill the free time.